“My good friend, I no more believe in the eternity of hell than yourself; but recollect that it may be no bad thing, perhaps, for your servant, your tailor, and your lawyer to believe in it.”
(Voltaire, “Philosophical Dictionary”)
“The Jesuits taught me to examine things for second meanings and deeper connections.”
(Don DeLillo, “Underworld”)
This article is intended as a continuation of the previous one, in which I gave a concrete demonstration on how the theories of conspiracy and dietrology applied to politics are still alive and enjoy excellent health.
The inspiration to write it came to me from reading the book “The dark side of history”, by Daniel Pipes, historian, essayist, American journalist, and founder of the Middle East Forum, the geopolitical think – tank which sponsors our site:
A book that I felt the need to review and that should be read and meditated by people who are scrambling to report dark conspiracies behind the historical events we are witnessing, intricate plots of power woven by the Jews and secret societies, especially the Freemasonry. Without neglecting, for the “Par Condicio”, other groups of more or less occult power, from capitalist and imperialist lobbies to the Jesuits.
Pipes draws a detailed history of conspiracy, from the Templars and the Rosicrucians to Freemasonry and the French Revolution, a crucial event that brings to the fore the political use of conspiracy theories. The author shows, with a wealth of details and quotations taken from an impressive bibliography, how these theories have been adopted by everyone towards everyone: from the revolutionaries as Robespierre to the anti-revolutionaries and vice versa; from right-wing dictatorships against communism, seen as a Jewish plot, but also from Leninism against capitalism; from the Church towards the Freemasons, from the latter towards the Jesuits; from the Afro-American leader Farrakhan to the whites, from the white TV-setters like Pat Robertson to the Illuminati and, finally, from the Muslims towards the American “Great Satan”, in a deafening whirlwind of “Cries & whishpers” on the edge of the ridiculous. A sense of ridicule that the sober but ironic style of Pipes manages to arouse often in the reader and which helps to make the reading of his book very pleasant. But it does not neglect to enter from the first pages in the heart of the problem: if it is true that conspiracy theories are almost always based on nothing or a distorted and paranoid view of reality, it is true that the political use that is been done has deeply affected the decisions of many protagonists of history. Particularly in the two great dictators of the twentieth century, champions of the right and left conspiracy: Hitler and Stalin, to whom considerable pages are dedicated.
In short, it is immediately understood that
“The real conspiracy is to make people believe that there are conspiracies”,
concept that is then confirmed in the middle of the work around, by an important Jordanian political exponent. By fomenting this faith one obtains the effect, sometimes desired, often unconscious, but always dangerous, of manipulating public opinion by diverting its attention from the real mechanisms of history, which are under the eyes of all, but which the imaginary intrigues render invisible, as the Naked King of the famous tale.
The conspiracy theories, on the other hand, allow the most daring politicians, in case of failure of their proposals, to use the convenient loophole of the plot of the enemy, on which
download their responsibilities and mistakes.
A certain theory of AIDS belongs to the variegated world of conspiracy, which would like to create it in laboratory to infect Africans, that the theory of UFOs, ready to invade the Earth and exterminate humanity. And indeed, speaking of flying saucers, the cultural operation that Pipes carries on is in some ways analogous to the famous radio broadcast of Orson Welles, inspired by the “War of the Worlds” by H B Wells. The great American director in fact feigned an alien invasion, panicking millions of inhabitants of the entire East Cost:
A masterpiece of mass media demonstration showing that it does not matter if UFOs really exist or not: because what really matters is that people believe in them! The same effect is obtained by Pipes, albeit in more academic ways, warning the reader from falling victim to conspiracy theories.
These theories, in my opinion, are born from very far, even before the creation of Templars, Rosicrucians or the first secret societies: the belief that the order of creation is undermined by a God of Darkness plotting against the God of Light is in my view, the original “meme” from which the conspiracy obsessions. I only add that, in the light of this hypothesis, the quotations of Voltaire and DeLillo at the beginning of this article acquire a complete meaning: in particular, precisely for DeLillo
Conspiracy theories become central in the life of the characters that the author describes: in “Running Dog” a spy spy is described in search of Nazi memorabilia; in “White noise” it is described how the conspiracy entered the DNA of the average American, transforming political paranoia into a domestic, and vice versa.
(taken from: https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_DeLillo)
But it is in the chapter dedicated to Stalin’s conspiratorial obsessions that Pipes demonstrates all his stature as a class historian: the breaking of the Molotov pact – Ribbentrop and the invasion of Russia by Hitler’s troops surprised Stalin, who had systematically ignored all the obvious signs of an imminent invasion, attributing them to obscure British provocations. An aspect that had not been grasped even by his great biographer Robert Conquest, and that Pipes instead highlights with abundance of details and historical sources. It is interesting to note, however, that Conquest tells us how it ended: the initial defeat of the Soviet troops caused a real psychic breakdown of Stalin, which led him to retire for several days in his Russian dacha, in a state of total prostration and incapacitated. to make any decision:
“The word << shock >> is repeated often in the most recent Soviet studies and it is clear that on the psychological level Stalin was not able to deal with the situation and was in a much worse state than ever before”
(Robert Conquest: “Stalin”)
I quote the great American historian only to show how difficult it is on the psychological level to renounce a conspiratorial attitude: if, even for a man like Stalin, the contact with the real was too painful to be endured, let’s imagine what could happen to a normal person, without the temper of the “Steel Man”.
I would like to add that the history is, in Daniel Pipes’ DNA, almost a family tradition: the father Richard, was among the historical highs of the XXth Century, specialized in History of Russia, Professor at Harvard and collaborator of Ronald Reagan:
In short, credentials of all respect that, combined with a commendable academic rigor and a
vast general culture, make the “dark side of history” a text that anyone with a minimum of philosophical sensitivity should know. Because Pipes teaches us that only by fully using the “Occam’s Razor” is it possible to shred the heavy mental drafts imposed by conspiracy theories:
«On equal terms the simplest explanation is to be preferred»
(William of Occam)
At this point, a few fatal conspirators, perhaps just my acquaintance mentioned in the previous article, could argue that, being Jewish, Pipes has every interest in denying the “Judaic – Masonic plots” behind the scenes of history. This objection is answered by the same Author, formulating a question that must be understood not only as a logical assumption, but also as an ethical warning: if indeed the Jews had been so powerful, why could not they avoid the Holocaust or save many of their brothers going to Auschwitz?
To order the book: